From The Shari Length of the Beard by Mufti Afzal Elias, May Allah
reward him abundantly, aameen. Transferred to the web for the benefit
of all Muslims by Islam.tc
This pamphlet is to emphasize the importance and the length of the
beard. Many Muslims have queried regarding this point. I have also
found that people prefer keeping a beard in imitation of what's
in vogue rather than that prescribed by Nabi (Sallallahu Alayhi
Wasallam). A compilation of this nature has become important because
the impact of the western way of life seems to be luring unwary
Muslims into such a craze that the importance of the beard itself
is being doubted and scoffed at.
To those who feel the issue is trivial to worry about, may ALLAH
guide him. But to those who genuinely wish to learn and practice
what is right, here are sufficient proofs from the Qur'an, Ahadeeth,
and learned scholars.
Importance of the Beard in the words of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi
(1) Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said "I have no
connection iwth one who shaves, shouts and tears his clothing eg.
in grief or affication."
- Reported by Abu Darda (R.A.) in Muslim, Hadith no. 501
(2) The teachings of Hadhrat Ammar Bin Yaasir, Abdullah Ibn Umar,
Sayyidina Umar, Abu Hurairah and Jaabir (R.A.), indicate that ALL
used to keep beards that were one fist length or more. Hadhrat Jaabir
(R.A.) had said: "We used to grow long beards and only during
Hajj and Umrah did we trim them to the required length (i.e. fist
(3) Hadhrat Abdullah Ibn Umar (R.A.) relates that: "He who
imitates the kuffar (non-believers) and dies in that state, he will
be raised up with them on the Day of Qiyamat (Judgement)."
(4) Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) says: "Trim closely
the moustache, and let the beard flow (Grow)."
- Narrated Ibn Umar (R.A.) in Muslim, Hadith no. 498
(5) "Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) ordered us to
trim the moustache closely and spare the beard" says Ibn Umar.
- Muslim, Hadith no. 449
(6) Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam)said: "Act against
contrary to the polythesists, trim closely the moustache and grow
- Reported by Ibn Umar (R.A.) in Muslim, Hadith no. 500
(7) Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said "Trim closely
the moustache and grow the beard."
- Reported by Abu Hurairah (R.A.) in Muslim, Hadith no. 501
(8) Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said: "Anyone who
shaves has no claim to the mercy of Allah"
- Reported by Ibn Abbas (R.A.) in Tibrabi
(9) Hadhrat Abdullah Ibn Umar (R.A.) used to cut that portion (which
exceeds the grip of the hand) of the beard.
The Beard according to the Great Imams of Jurisprudence
Imam Muhammed (R.A.) writes in his book "Kitabul Aathaar"
where he relates from Imam Abu Hanifa (R.A.) who relates from Hadhrat
Haytham (R.A.) who relates from Ibn Umar (R.A.) that he (Ibn Umar)
used to hold his beard in his hand and cut off which was longer.
Imam Muhammed (R.A.) says that this is what we follow and this was
the decision of Imam Abu Hanifa. Therefore, according to Hanafies,
to shorten the beard less than a FIST LENGTH is HARAAM and on this
is IJMA (concensus of opinion).
Imam Shafi (R.A.) in his Kitabul Umm states, "To shave the
beard is HARAAM." (Shari Minhaj dar Shara Fasl Aqueeqa).
Shekh Ahmad Nafarawi Maliki in the commentary of Imam Abu Zayed's
booklet states, "to shave the beard is without doubt haraam
according to all Imams." It is also mention in "Tamheed"
which is a commentary of "Muatta" (Sunnan Imam Malik (R.A.))
that to shave the beard is HARAAM and among males the only ones
to resort to this practice (of shaving) are the HERMAPHRODITES (persons
who possess both male and female features and characteristics).
The Hanbalies in the famous Al-Khanie'a Hanbali Fatawa Kitab state
that "to grow the beard is essential and to shave it is HARAAM."
Also in the Hanbali Mathab books "Sharahul Muntahaa" and
"Sharr Manzoomatul Aadaab", it is stated "The most
accepted view is that it is HARAAM (prohibited to shave the beard)."
Also note, according to scholars of Islam: "To shave off the
beard is unlawful (haraam) and one who shaves his beard is legally
speaking an unrighteous fellow (FASIQ); hence, it is NOT PERMISSIBLE
to appoint such a man as an Imam. To say Taraweeh behind such an
Imam is MAKRUH-E-TAHRIMI (near prohibition)" (Shami Vol.1,
The Durre-Mukhtar states: "No one has called it permissible
to trim it (the beard) less than FIST-LENGTH as is being done by
some westernized Muslims and hermaphrodites." (Vol. 2, p. 155).
Also, "It is forbidden (haraam) for a man to cut off another's
beard." (Vol. 5, p. 359).
Thus, a Muslim who shaves or shortens his beard is like a hermaphrodite,
his Imamate near prohibition, his evidence is not valid, he will
not have the right to vote or being voted for. Shaving and shortening
the beard is the action of non-believers. Imam Ghazzali (RA) says:
"Know that the key to total bliss (Saadah) lies in following
the Sunnah and in emulating the life of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi
Wasallam) in ALL that issues from him, and in ALL his doings even
if it concerns the manner of his eating, rising, sleeping, and speaking.
I do say thisin relation to rituals in worship ONLY because ther
is no way neglecting the Sunnah reported of him in such matters
- but what I say INCLUDES EVERY ASPECT of his daily life."
(Kitab al Arbain Addin, Cairo 1344, p. 89). Furthermore, in the
Holy Qur'an, Allah told Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam)
"Say: "If ye do love Allah, Follow me: Allah will love
you and forgive you your sins: For Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most
Merciful." (Quran 3:31)
The daily recitation of a band of angels of Allah is "Holy
is the Being who adorned men with beards and women with braids"
(Takmela e Bahr al Raiq, Vol. 3, p. 331)
Lastly, Allah Ta'ala says in the Holy Qur'an: "And when the
true believers are called to Allah and His Rasul (Sallallahu Alayhi
Wasallam) [to accept and practice the law and commands of Allah
and His Rasul (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam)] that he may pass judgement
upon them, their ONLY reply is 'We hear and obey.' Such men shall
surely prosper." (24:51)
THE CALL IS TO GROW A FIST LENGTH BEARD, LET US HEAR AND OBEY TO
The Blessed Beard... Grow it, what's so hard to understand?
Commentary by Islam.tc
Muslims are overcome with western influence in their lives and it's
easy to forget, nay, neglect the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad
(Peace Be Upon Him). Little do these Muslims realize the magnitude
of their actions in imitating Kufaar (see Hadith section). This
is a truly shocking! Hopefully the information presented herein
will enlighten those. And then there are others who claim that the
matters concerning beards is a "little" issue not worthy
of mention nor practice. To them I say get off the denial bandwagon,
you're a Muslim! Follow the Prophet (Peace be upon him) in all aspects
of life, for he was the best of examples. I couldn't tell you how
many times I've mistaken a Muslim brother (outside of the Masjid)
for a kafir on account of his clean-shaven, well oiled, face. How
can I say "Assalaamu Alaikum Brother!" when I do not know
if he is a Muslim. Yet that very brother then wonders why he was
ignored! Sure, he can tell if others are Muslim on account of their
beard, but what about himself? From one brother to another, I say:
"Grow a beard, then, since it also promotes Brotherhood in
the real world. Stand with your Brothers, be one. We know you think
you are handsome without it (a beard), but who cares? What matters
is how Allah (S.W.T.) sees you. And when you do grow a beard, don't
mock the Sunnah, please grow it correctly, i.e. FIST LENGTH. That
is the prescribed length and no shorter (see Hadeeth section)..."
|Praise be to Allaah.
Removing the pubic hair, whether by plucking, using a depilatory
agent, shaving or cutting, is one of the actions dictated by the
fitrah and encouraged by Islam, but it is not restricted to or required
at the end of every period. Ahmad, al-Bukhaari, Muslim and the authors
of Sunan reported that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings
of Allaah be upon him) said: Five things are part of the fitrah:
removing the pubic hairs, circumcision, trimming the moustache,
plucking the armpit hairs, and trimming the nails. It was
reported that Anas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: A
time limit was set for us with regard to trimming the moustache,
cutting the nails, plucking the armpit hairs, and shaving the pubic
hair we should not leave it for more than forty days. (Reported
by Muslim, Ibn Maajah, Ahmad, al-Tirmidhi, al-Nisaai and Abu
Dawood). They said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings
of Allaah be upon him) set a time limit for us
Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daaimah,
Praise be to Allaah.
Letting the nails grow long is makrooh, if not haraam, because
the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) set a time
limit for cutting the nails, and said that they should not be left
for more than forty days. (Narrated by Muslim in al-Tahaarah, 258).
It is strange that those who claim to be civilized leave their
nails to grow even though they trap dirt and make a person look
like an animal. The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of
Allaah be upon him) said: Use whatever causes blood to flow,
and eat the animals if the name of Allaah is mentioned on slaughtering
them. Do not slaughter with teeth or fingernails and I will tell
you why: it is because teeth are bones (i.e., cannot cut properly)
and fingernails are the tools used by the Ethiopians (whom we should
not imitate for they are infidels). (Narrated by al-Bukhaari
in al-Sharikah, 3507; Muslim in al-Adaahi, 1968). This refers to
the fact that they used to use their fingernails as knives to slaughter
animals and cut the meat, etc. This is the way of those who resemble
Kitaab al-Dawah, 5. Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen,